SOI data files
Please note: the daily SOI value published on 23 December 2016 was incorrect due to a data processing error. The corrected value was published on 3 January 2017. If you accessed our SOI data or SOI phase information between those dates we recommend you download a new copy to ensure you have the corrected information. We apologise for any inconvenience caused.
These files are updated on a regular basis (near daily and monthly)
- Daily SOI 1887 1989 Base (TXT, 311kB, last updated 16:45 20 Feb 2017)
- Daily SOI 1933 1992 Base (TXT, 219kB, last updated 16:45 20 Feb 2017)
- Latest SOI 1887 1989 Base (TXT, 286B, last updated 16:45 20 Feb 2017)
- Monthly SOI 1887 1989 Base (TXT, 5kB, last updated 16:45 20 Feb 2017)
- Monthly SOI 1933 1992 Base (TXT, 3kB, last updated 16:45 20 Feb 2017)
- Monthly SOIPhase 1887 1989 Base (TXT, 31kB, last updated 16:45 20 Feb 2017)
Please note: The Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) used by this site is calculated using a climatic base period of 1887 to 1989. The National Climate Centre (NCC) has made a number of changes to the way the SOI is calculated, in particular changing the climatic base period to 1933-1992. Long Paddock will continue to provide the original SOI data (1887 to 1989 base period) as the SOI phase maps on Long Paddock are based on this data.
The file called 'MonthlySOIPhase1887-1989Base' contains a column of numbers under the heading 'Phase'. The five Phases of the SOI are as follows:
- consistently negative
- consistently positive
- rapidly falling
- rapidly rising
- consistently near zero
Troup's SOI Calculation (used on this site)
10x [PA (Tahiti) - PA (Darwin)] / Std Dev Diff
SOI Calculation formula: 10x [PA (Tahiti) - PA (Darwin)] / Std Dev Diff
where: PA() = the Pressure Anomaly = monthly mean minus long-term mean (1887-1989 base period)
St.Dev.Diff. = Standard Deviation of the Difference (1887-1989 base period)
A Troup SOI of -10 means the SOI is 1 standard deviation on the negative side of the long-term mean for that month. Troup's monthly SOI from 1876 onwards is derived from normalised Tahiti minus Darwin mean sea level pressure (mslp)
NCC SOI Calculation
The National Climate Centre (NCC) have a revised SOI calculation although still based on the Troup formula.
The formula for calculating the NCC 1933-92 base period SOI is:10x [PA (Tahiti) - PA (Darwin)] / Std Dev Diff
where: PA() = the Pressure Anomaly
= monthly mean minus long-term mean (1933-1992 base period)
St.Dev.Diff. = Standard deviation of the difference (1933-1992 base period)
A.J. Troup (1965) The Southern Oscillation. Quarterly Journel of Royal Meteorological Society. 91, 490-506.
Note: These calculations differ slightly from those issued in some other centres where the value may not be multiplied by 10.
Last updated: 29 June 2010